York City Walls
Today's walk was a wander around the city walls of York which are the most complete example of medieval city walls still standing in England today. There are remains of walls that date back as far as the Roman period, though you won't see much of these as in the 9th century when York was invaded by the Danish Vikings, they buried the wall under an earth bank and erected a wooden palisade instead. The wooden wall was replaced with stone, which can be seen today, during the 13th and 14th centuries.
In 1800, the Corporation of York applied to Parliament to demolish the walls (as had been done in many other cities), they were no longer needed for defense, had began to fall into disrepair and they believed they were hindering the city's expansion. However they faced great opposition and eventually had to back down but not before some sections of the wall, barbicans, gates and towers had been torn down.
Since the mid-19th century the walls have been restored and maintained and they are now a Scheduled Ancient Monument and are Grade I listed.
Distance: around 3 miles.